The Mediterranean Sea is
an internal sea (the Latin medius and land); it is this that remains of
the wide and ancient sea Tetide, than in the Oligocene (about 30 million
years ago) be compressed the collision of two tectonic plates what direct
still one on other one determine the activity of the volcanoes Etna, Vesuvius,
Stromboli and cause the earthquakes in Italy, Greece and Turkey.
Mediterranean Sea is included between Europe, Asia and Africa and is connected
to the Atlantic ocean, to West, through the Gibilterra strait; the strait
of the Dardanelli, the sea of Marmora and the Bosforo is connected by them
with Mar Nero. To south-east, through the Suez Canal (opened in the course
in XIX century) it is connected with Mar Rosso and with Indian ocean.